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The economy of the
Balochistan is mainly based on the production of Natural gas coal and other
minerals, Balochistan has been called neglected province, where the majority of
population lacks amenities and basic human rights including water, food and
shelter, since in mid-1970’s .There has been a constant drop in the share of
Balochuistan GDP has dropped from 5 to 3 % approximately.Balochisan has the
highest poverty rate, infant and maternal mortality rate and in comparison to
the other 3 provinces, it has the lowest literacy rate in the country, poverty
has increased in Balochistan since Musharaf took over and by the end of his
tenure has been increased by 48 % to 50 %,

Agriculture is less in
Balochistan due to under develop cannel system as compare to other 3 provinces,
as only the source of extraction of water for civil community is tube wells and
people leaving in mountainous areas of the province mainly use karez system to
fulfill their water needs.Balochistan is an semi-Arid area and there are mainly
drought spells annually.

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Comparison: whereas the
other 3 provinces fulfills their water needs through monsoon rain falls and
through Indus river system along with its tributaries ,Balochistan is highly
depended on the western depressions , snowfall and rain in the winters only.

Whereas the federal
govt has mainly prioritized the other three provinces for fundings and
establishments of high quality institutes and schools due to the % of population,
Balochistan has been very far left behind in the education system of the
country.

Balochistan having  more than 51 % Pakistan total land, it has a %
population of only 6 % that’s why the incentives announced by the mainly
related to health and other amenities doesn’t apply to the population limit i.e
as of a plan by a federal government, an area of not more than 1100 people, the
government is not responsible for providing basic utilities ,such as
electricity, water and telecommunications which is against the fundamental
rights of the citizens. Despite of that, Gender equality is major challenge in
the Balochistan,where women participation in the provincial assembly is  slightly improved,but far behind, as compare
to the other Provinces, although the present government is more promising
interms of taking steps towards women empowerment, as the very first time  a women speaker and Additional advocate general
has been appointed to fill the Gender Gaps, thus the Governments needs to take
further measures to make the women part of the mainstream process interms of
their participation in Police and other formal sectors, Balochistan has around
40,000 personnel’s in Police department, but only 200 Womens are part of the
police department and part of constabulary, it may be because of  the non-conducive environment,where women are
restricted to chair the key positions in the Public sector, as where we will
hardly see any women in the bureaucracy, In Balochistan civil secretariat,
there is no dedicated washrooms and place for their prayers, where Balochistan
is far behind  while providing basic
nessities to the women, those are more than 51 % of the entire Population.

Many programs have been
launched in Balochistan since decades to combat poverty with the manifesto and
slogans (No Poverty). Many Jobs opportunities have been created in remote areas
of the province, but also have remained largely unsuccessful due to the noncooperation
of provincial governments.

Many anti-famine
programs have also been launched with the cooperation of various NGOs and
governmental authorities, in both enti poverty and enti hunger programs
communities including UNDP have been contributing largely to the funds required
for the execution of these projects.

Balochistan is enviable
rich with minerals ,such as gold,Copper and coal.A start has been made by the
resources development corporation. In addition to the saindak gold –copper
project,The Pakistan mineral development cooperation is also operation 3 coal
mines in Balochistan.The number of industries innovations and infrastructure
are less in Baloshistan due to its rugged and dissected terrain. The cost of constructing
these building are very high there is also lack of will and interest by Balochistan
Government.  Health sector has mainly
been a major issue in Pakistan overall, but in compression to Punjab, Sindh and
KPK,Balochistan has very Low standards of Good health and wellbeing most of the
average income and well income families prefer to be operated in high standard
hospitals with experienced and recommended doctors in the other provinces in
comparison to the amateur doctors .Policts have been appealing in the province
as most of its government body mostly consists of feudal and tribal chiefs. It
is stated that the initiation investment through CPEC to Balochistan may
improve the living of the poor people.

The Aims of the
Balochistan SDGs Support Unit will add to the objectives of almost all the
other sectors. Further, SDGs have been set to achieve comfort of mankind all
around the world and will comprehend intervention in social, infrastructure and
production sectors. Balochistan Comprehensive Development Strategy aims at
raising socio-economic status of the people of Balochistan giving due attention
to cross cutting sectors like environment, and technology for empowering people
and gender. However, SDGs cover larger

 

 

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