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Shakespeare is a worldly known playwright genius who wrote more than thirty of his famous plays, one of which is a famous love story, Romeo and Juliet. He wrote more than thirty plays in his lifetime. He remains the only writer whose every line has been profoundly studied and interpreted by historians, scholars and students. His work has been translated into many languages all over the world. The 19th century was Shakespeare’s highest status. He conquered the stage with smashing shows such as Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet. He retired from the stage in 1612.   SECTION HEADERIambic pentameter is a famous factor is Shakespearean literature. In an overview, iambic pentameter are syllables that are divided into five pairs called iambs. The second syllable in a iamb is always stressed. Iambic foot is an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable. The most frequent rhyme scheme in Shakespeare’s Sonnets is abab cdcd efef gg. During the Shakespearean era, iambic pentameter kept the flow of the play going and it helped actors remember their lines.Shakespearean plays. The theme of this epic battle would be ambition and conflict. A short summary of Julius Caesar would go like this; Marullus and Flavius break up a gathering of Roman citizens who seek to celebrate Julius Caesar’s triumphant return from war. Brutus, a close friend of Caesar, soon becomes jealous for the crown and praise. The story was written in 1599 and is continued to be read in classrooms around the world.Now for a famous tragedy of two star crossed lovers, Romeo and Juliet. A long feud between the Montague and Capulet families disrupts the city of Verona and causes tragic results for Romeo and Juliet. Revenge, love, and a secret marriage cause the two young lovers to grow up quickly-and fate causes them to commit suicide in despair. Hamlet is another famous Shakespearean tragedy that is set in ancient Denmark. To sum this play up, the main character, Prince Hamlet, is depressed. He was summoned home to Denmark from a school in Germany to attend his father’s funeral. There he finds that his mother, Queen Gertrude, already married his uncle Claudius, the dead king’s brother and is shocked. To Hamlet, the marriage is foul incest.Shakespeare’s Poems.  During 1592 through 1594, many theatres were closed due to a serious plague spreading. During this time, Shakespeare wrote Venus and Adonis and The Rape of Lucrece. Venus and Adonis was Shakespeare’s first publication and tells the tale of Venus, the goddess of love, who is trying to win the heart of Adonis, a handsome human. In the poem The Rape of Lucrece, there is this place called Ardea, where the Romans are fighting. Tarquin and Collatine, two Roman leaders, speak together one evening. Collatine soon begins to talk about his glowing wife, Lucrece, Collatine talks in great detail about his beautiful wife that Tarquin begins to get arroused. The next morning, Tarquin leaves the Roman host and journeys to Collatium, where the unsuspecting Lucrece welcomes him as one of her husband’s friends. As Tarquin tells her many tales of Collatine’s prowess on the battlefield, he looks admiringly at Lucrece and decides that she is the most beautiful woman in Rome.Shakespeare wrote one hundred and fifty-four sonnets in addition to his plays. They were all written in iambic pentameter, and contains fourteen lines. The characteristics of Shakespearean sonnets are like this: fourteen lines, three quatrains (four lines each), and one couplet (two lines.) The most famous of these sonnets are numbers twenty-nine, fifty-five, and seventy-one. The theme of sonnet twenty-nine is wealth. Shakespeare is toying with the differences between spiritual wealth and economic wealth. His depression is derived from his being separated from the young man, even more so because he envisions the youth in the company of others while the poet is, “all alone.” Next, in sonnet fifty-five, this is Shakespeare’s most famous verse. He asserts the immortality of the poet’s sonnets to withstand the forces of decay overtime. This is a poem of praise and beauty. It states in the poem that humans have to deal with time and violent war, but he writes the escapes of both of these issues. Finally, sonnet seventy-one. This sonnet addresses the narrator’s loved ones. The speaker tells his family and friends that doesn’t want them to mourn over him after his death. The major tone in this is somber and helpless.

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