In conclusion, meritocracy has
its pros and cons and not everyone in the society will benefit from it. It
provides equal opportunities for all but not similar outcomes. It leaves out
people who are not talented and skilful to have the opportunity to get the
Conflict theory can be applied
for this case study. Since meritocracy is a system that rewards a person based
on how good they are, with the ability, skills set and talents, it is unfair
for those who on the other hand, do not have the ability, skills and talents.
They will not be rewarded as they aren’t good enough. Thus, they will not be
able to participate in social mobility and will have to remain in the same
social class. For example, in sports, person A could start out as a team player,
with skills and determination, person A could be chosen to be the captain. And
Person B starts out as a team player, but lack skills and determination, will
remain as a team player and not be able to upgrade as a captain.
The link of meritocracy in
sport to social class is that through meritocracy, one can receive a high social
status that is based on ability and achievement rather than social class. In
other words, in this system, even when you are poor, you can still be rewarded
based on your talent, skills, abilities and achievements and be successful.
Today, he is
one of the most marketable sportsmen, world’s most famous athlete and is ranked
the world’s highest-paid athlete. Despite the social class he was born in, he was able to
move ahead and reach the position that he is in right now. With a net worth of $400 million, his journey inspires audience worldwide through his struggles, persistence
and hard work that led to his successes.
I choose Cristiano
Ronaldo for my case study. Ronaldo is a Portuguese
professional soccer player. Ronald had a difficult
childhood. He grew up in an impoverished home
in one of the poorest areas of
Funchal. He is second of 4 siblings and is
the son of a cook and a municipal gardener. Even
though he came from a poor family, he trained hard and was determined to pursue
his passion for soccer. He started out by playing for various
youth clubs. At the
young age of 16, Manchester paid £12 million to sign him, a record fee. In the
2004 FA Cup final, Ronaldo helped Manchester capture the championship when he
scored the first three goals. In 2009, Ronaldo transferred from Manchester
United to Real Madrid in a transfer worth £80 million. Ronaldo is a
versatile attacker and he can play on either wing as well as through the center
of the pitch.
Meritocracy refers to a society that is governed by people selected
according to their merit. Meritocracy society is based on 2 key values:
individual achievement and equal opportunity. Individual achievement refers to one
achieving their status through their own abilities and efforts. It is not about
where you come from or your social class, poor or rich family, but it is what
you can do that gives your position in society. There are equal opportunities
that allows every individual to achieve their full potential. The reward in
meritocracy encourages people to do well.