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Anti-Semitism is a concept that began in the 18th and 19
centuries and is still evident in the modern world. However, today it has taken
a new shape that is quite different from that of the ancient times. Some
political institutions and parties have devised new means of promoting
anti-Semitism. Even scholars have taken a significant role in supporting the
fraudulent theories that about the Jews and made people to believe that the
Jews were disobedient citizens. In the nineteenth century, scholars, philosophers,
and artists among other important people in the society also took an active
part in promoting anti-Semitism. The first movement to give anti-Semitism was
the Nazi party formed in 1919, which served to increase the level of hatred
among the Jews.

The term anti-Semitism refers to the prejudice against or hatred
of Jews. The Jews have faced different forms of atrocities from other ethnic
groups. Some of the harsh discriminatory occasions that the Jews have gone
through include the Holocaust, state-sponsored persecution, and murder of the
European Jews by the Nazi Germany allies between 1933 and 1945 (Robert 115).
The term anti-Semitism originated from the German journalist Wilhelm Marr, who
used it to denote the hatred of the Jews. The term also refers to the hatred of
different liberal cosmopolitan and international political trends of the 18th
and 19th century since it was associated with the Jews (Dave 216). The trend of
the attack on the Jews included the civil rights, constitutional democracy,
socialism, finance, capitalism, free trade and pacifism. Before the modern era,
the specific hatred of Jews led to the development of the term anti-Semitic. It
took different forms of manifestations such as Programs, and violent riots
against the Jews (David 87). Governments and authorities were responsible for
the riots against the Jews. On the other hand, Pogroms were forms of violence
promoted by blood libels, who spread false accusations that against the Jews.

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In the modern era, anti-Semitism is still evident and is
promoted by political influence. However, it has taken a new route as it is
influenced by politics in different countries. For example, there were some
anti-Semitic political parties in Germany, France, and Austria (Alan 34). There
were some scholars who also developed theories of anti-Semitic fraudulent
theories. They played a significant role in supporting the fraudulent theories
that about the Jews and made people to believe that the Jews were disobedient
citizens. In the nineteenth century, scholars, philosophers, and artists among
other important people in the society also took an active part in promoting
anti-Semitism. The first movement to give anti-Semitism was the Nazi party
formed in 1919 (Gary and Sharon 119). Adolf Hitler was an influential political
leader of the Nazi and managed to make his party popular by passing anti-Jewish
propaganda. Hitler used his book, Mein Kampf to pass the propaganda against the
Jewish communities. He was successful in his mission as millions of people read
his literature and adopted his ideas. True to the fact, this book formed the
basis of holocaust, which was an extreme expression of anti-Semitism. In the
twenty first century, anti-Semitism has resurfaced  (Francis 78). The prejudice and hatred
against the Jews, and that took different forms, did not end with the
holocaust. The most unique thing with the modern day anti-Semitism is that it
is deeply rooted in the society and takes some forms such as verbal
anti-Semitism. This type of prejudice is evident among the high officials and
intellectuals. In some cases, there exist physical attacks by the common street
thug, who target the Jewish communities. The modern form of anti-Semitism is
very evident in the Western Europe and among Islamic Nations (Dave 17). Even in
the United States (US), one of the countries termed as being very friendly to
the Jews, there exists anti-Semitism promoted by some groups like the
right-wing extremists and ant-Israeli activists.

In the Muslin countries, there exists a high rate of anti-Semitism.
Presence of the Israel nation in the Middle East is not a welcomed fact by the
Muslim nations. The Muslim governments views Israeli as a country that lacks a
moral or historical validation (Howard, 56). This kind of radical trait has
promoted tension between the Jews and Muslims. The Jews fail to recognize the
authority of the Muslim communities (David 12). On the other hand, the Muslim
also fails to recognize the authority of the Jews. The current violence evident
in the Middle East is a good example of anti-Semitism. In the extreme cases,
the violence between the two religious groups has resulted in Muslim animosity
towards the Jewish communities.

For the Jews, anti-Semitism is considered a paradoxical issue
associated some complex phenomena. The Jews have had a feeling of having
managed to experience directly the complexities associated with the phenomenon
of anti-Semitism. There are various definitions that have been offered with
regard to this phenomenon and they range from broad to specific descriptions.
Broadly, anti-Semitism has been described as a phenomenon that denotes various
forms of hostilities that were historically manifested against the Jews.
However, a narrower description refers to this phenomenon as actions that were
only able to go against certain specific boundaries such physical violence and
legal restrictions. 

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