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According to an article on David Berkowitz, “Son of Sam Aka David Berkowitz was
born David Falco, mother was Betty Broder. Betty had married Tony Falco, and had
a daughter, Roslyn. They ran a fish market together, until he left her for
another woman. Betty later had an affair with a married real estate agent,
Joseph Kleinman. When she became pregnant he threatened to abandon her if she
kept the baby, so when David Falco was born, she gave him up for adoption” (David Berkowitz: Bibliography. 2016). A rough
start to Berkowitz life, once adopted David lived in the Bronx. David was known
to be a bully back in his childhood years and super hyperactive. Started to set fires again. He was
responsible for starting over 1,411 fires, which he kept detailed notes in his
journal. (Carpozi, George 1977).  Peral, his adoptive mother was the one person he held dear
to until David was 14. When he was 14, Peral, suffering from breast cancer
died. At that point, it changed David’s whole life. Soon after her death David
went into the army, stationed in Korea and was known to be an excellent
marksman. After he was honorably discharged from the army, David tried to
reconnect with his biological mother. According to the article, David Berkowitz | Son of Sam Killer His mother,” Betty told David about his
illegitimate birth and the death of his birth father, which greatly upset
Berkowitz. He eventually lost contact with his birth mother and began working a
number of blue-collar jobs” (David
Berkowitz | Son of Sam Killer 2017).  David was not enthralled by his encounter of
his birth mother Betty since it was not the hallmark card of reuniting with his
birthmother. Afterwards David worked in the post office and was security for a
while. According to (The Devil in David Berkowitz.2017).
 David began attending meetings in
the woods. “Before long he was cutting prints in his finger and pledging to
Lucifer, says Terry”. Or to Samhain, the Druid devil, and a source of the name
Son of Sam. David fell in to a devil worshiping group before he began his
murders and was thought that David was possessed by demons instead of I a
sickness called paranoid schizophrenia. Soon after David began to hear barking
from His neighbor’s dog, a Labrador Retriever named Harvey, barked a lot, and
it was driving Berkowitz crazy. The neighbor, Sam Carr, received an anonymous
letter, asking him to stop the dog’s barking. When the barking continued, the
killings began. According to Berkowitz, Harvey was a “demon dog”, and
when that dog barked it had meaning. Harvey, Berkowitz said, was barking out
orders, telling him to murder young women. When police announced that several
recent killings appeared to be the work of one crazed lunatic, the media went
into a frenzy. ( David Berkowitz: Bibliography 2016). People would dye their
hair blonde and not leave their homes in fear Son of Sam would get them. David
did not originally start out with a gun, according to (David Berkowitz | Son of Sam Killer2017,)
he started out his serial killing career with a knife. According to David’s accounts, his
killing career began on December 24, 1975, when he stabbed two women using a
hunting knife. One of the women was Michelle Forman, and the other has never
been identified. not long
after Berkowitz spoke to a friend and asked him for a gun. Back in the 1970’s
New York City was a dangerous place with murders, fires, looting, and more; so
naturally asking for a gun at that time was not unusual. Unfortunately, David
did not use it for his own protection, but to murder 6 people with the famous
.44 gun. David not only killed 6 people, but taunted the police. Son of Sam
began to write to the police and the press. At first people ignored it until the
death tolls grew. The police thought that Son of Sam could never be stopped;
until August 10, 1977. At the scene of the Moskowitz-Violante shootings,
a witness saw a man getting away in a car that had a parking ticket on it. Only
a handful of tickets were given out that day, and one of them was for
Berkowitz. Next, he is put on trial and sentenced for multiple life sentences. There
are reasons to Son of Sam, David Berkowitz has paranoid schizophrenia. This is
not an excuse for his actions rather an illness that was not taken care of and
turned in a terrible way.  Paranoid schizophrenia
is characterized especially by delusions of persecution, grandiosity, or
jealousy and by hallucinations (such as hearing voices) chiefly of an auditory
nature. Paranoid schizophrenia is characterized by predominantly positive
symptoms of schizophrenia, including delusions and hallucinations. These
debilitating symptoms blur the line between what is real and what isn’t, making
it difficult for the person to lead a typical life. Schizophrenia occurs in
about 1.1 percent of the population, while paranoid schizophrenia is considered
the most common subtype of this chronic disorder. The average age of onset is
late adolescence to early adulthood, usually between the ages of 18 to 30. It
is highly unusual for schizophrenia to be diagnosed after age 45 or before age
16. Onset in males typically occurs earlier in life than females. According to
the website (Paranoid Schizophrenia,1992). The
general criteria for a diagnosis of schizophrenia ((DSM code 295.3/ICD code
F20.0) must be satisfied. In addition, hallucinations and/or delusions must be
prominent, and disturbances of affect, volition and speech, and catatonic
symptoms must be relatively inconspicuous. The hallucinations will usually be
of the kind described in (b) hallucinatory voices that threaten the patient or
give commands, or auditory hallucinations without verbal form, such as
whistling, humming, or laughing; and (c) hallucinations of smell or taste, or
of sexual or other bodily sensations; visual hallucinations may occur but are
rarely predominant. Delusions can be of almost any kind of delusions of
control, influence, or passivity, and persecutory beliefs of various kinds are
the most characteristic. The exact cause of paranoid schizophrenia isn’t
known. Schizophrenia itself can run in the family, so there’s a possibility
that this mental disorder is genetic. However, not everyone with a family member
who has schizophrenia will develop the disorder. And not everyone who develops
schizophrenia will have symptoms of paranoia. However according to an article
called (Schizophrenia Information – Thought Disorders) Risk factors
that increase chances of a paranoid schizophrenia diagnosis include, family
history of psychotic disorders, exposure to a viral infection in the womb,
fetal malnutrition, stress in early childhood, sexual or physical abuse, older
parental age, use of psychoactive drugs during adolescence. When looking a David
Berkowitz’s life there is abuse, psychoactive drugs and major delusions
especially when liking at a detailed time line of his life by Serial
killer researched by Radford University students

Thankfully
there is help for people who suffer from Paranoid schizophrenia treatments and
therapies are available. Cognitive-behavioral
therapy (CBT) in schizophrenia was originally developed to provide additional
treatment for residual symptoms, drawing on the principles and intervention
strategies previously developed for anxiety and depression. “In the 1950s,
Aaron Beck had already treated a psychotic patient with a cognitive approach,
but thereafter the research in this specific area lay dormant for decades. Only
after cognitive therapy had been firmly established for depression and anxiety,
in the 1990s, did the research into psychological treatments for psychotic
conditions gather force—again, with Beck in the forefront. Pharmacologic
therapy can leave as many as 60% of psychotic patients with persistent positive
and negative symptoms, even when the patients are compliant with their
medication instructions. Furthermore, medication compliance remains a major
problem despite the introduction of modern atypical antipsychotics. Studies
have shown treatment discontinuation in an estimated 74% of patients in both
outpatient and inpatient settings the therapeutic techniques used for patients
with schizophrenia are based on the general principles of Cognitive-behavioral
therapy. Links are established between thoughts, feelings, and actions in a
collaborative and accepting atmosphere. Agendas are set and used but are
generally more flexibly developed than in traditional Cognitive-behavioral
therapy. The duration of therapy varies according to the individual’s need,
generally between 12 and 20 sessions, but often with an option of ongoing
booster sessions. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for psychosis usually proceeds
through the following phases” (The ABCs of
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Schizophrenia.). The phases are assessment, engagement,
goal setting, and normalization. Assessment is assessing where the person is mentally
and a what are their current struggles. Engagement is getting into the therapy
its self. Goal setting is the
realistic goals for therapy should
be discussed early in the therapy with the patient. And normalization, by integrating
the psychosis with normal experiences, the patient will often feel less isolated
and stigmatized. As a consequence, the possibility of recovery seems less
distant. Son of Sam or now Son of Hope is still in prison, going through
therapies and serving his time. While in prison Son of Sam has been changing his
life; this serial killer is a man that follows the lord. According to his
website made by his followers (My Testimony. n.d.). his delusions took a hold
of his life he believed his hallucinations and acted on them. Not seeing what
was reality made him kill 6 people. As technology gets better and better,
people with paranoid schizophrenia have a chance of getting proper care and join
normal life. 

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