A term for artwork that is based off of
straight lines and individual shapes as if drawn out with a ruler, without any
indication of the artist’s hand. While lines demonstrating a precision of exceptional
scale as though calculated and the edges can be found in figurative works. Edges
that are emphasizing linear perspective as well as classical architecture, such
forms are generally found in abstract art, design, and architecture. And String
Art having a foundation laid upon stretched pieces of fabric has found its
place in this discipline of architecture. Vertical linear elements such as towers and what not have been used
throughout the history to commemorate events of significance and establish particular
dates in time. Vertical linear elements can also define a particular volume of
space. Linear elements that possess the necessary tensile strength can perform
structural functions. The linear elements can:
a certain freedom of movement across space.
a sort of support for a plane above.
three dimensional sort of architectural
One such application of linear forms
that has had an odd and unique impression during modern times is tensegrity. “It
is a structural principle based on the use of isolated
components in compression inside a net of continuous tension, in
such a way that the compressed members (usually bars or struts) do not touch
each other and the pre-stressed tensioned members (usually cables or
tendons) delineate the system spatially” (Fuller, R. Buckminster (1982)). The term was coined by Buckminster Fuller in the 1960s as
a portmanteau of “tensional integrity”.
Structures based off on the idea of Tensegrity
have a few things in common in their design patterns:
main structure on which all of the load is placed undergo either pure
compression or sheer tension, in other words the whole structure will only
collapse if the main support gives in.
is a form of preload, which enables cables to be taut throughout.
presence of mechanical stability, this allows for the main supporting structure
to remain in a state tension/compression.
idea was introduced into architecture during the 1960s when Maciej
Gintowt and Maciej Krasi?ski, architects of Spodek, a venue
in Katowice, Poland, designed and made it one of the first structures
to utilize the idea of tensegrity.